Last week at the Sri Lanka Designer Festival’s Ethical Symposium attracted
some of the best names in the Apparel Industry with key-buyers from retailers
like Zaras, Top Shop, Monsoon and respected industry experts like Collin
McDowell and Douglas Miller.The highlight of the event was the call by the Industry heavyweights to
practise ethical purchasing which will support the Sri Lanka’s proposition of
branding the country to be “Destination for ethically manufactured fashion
apparels in the world” and if this is not done, Sri Lanka can become Ethically
- Industry cannot be ethically unemployed
- Overall apparel exports decline by 4.9 percent as at end Sept’09
- EU at +8.6 percent but US reeling at -19.5 percent as at end Sept’09
Sri Lankan apparel
Though it sounds sexy an industry leader backed the argument by saying that
he had many times decided to walk away from a business than give into a price
war by buyers, which will take away the ethos the industry is fighting hard to
herald to the world.
When I heard that comment I was indeed very proud to be part of the core team
that strategised and organized the event for the country as it was a classic
example of a Public-Private partnership at play to develop Sri Lanka to be the
emerging growth nation in South Asia.
The week-long festival included fashion shows, workshops and facility visits
to the top apparel manufacturers in Sri Lanka that showcased the industry to the
world and hopefully can reverse the -4.9 percent decline in the Apparel Industry
at 241 million dollars that account for almost 47 percent of the export revenue
of the country. A point to note is that overall exports have also contracted by
16.8 percent as at end September 2009.
The Apparel Industry is a classic example of a sector that has successfully
done its internal reforms so that it remains competitive at a time when its
key-markets like the US and EU is facing an economic down turn with millions out
of jobs that will have a direct impact on the apparel sales in a country.
It’s that the mobile telephone industry of Sri Lanka can take as last year
the total industry was in the red with the ruthless price war that was at play.
The apparel industry painfully underwent the self inflicted reform process and
thereby kept it self agile with a change in business shape that has made this
industry survive one of the most difficult trading times since the great
depression in the 1930s.
Exports under pressure
Whilst commending the industry, the fact is that on the overall export
proceeds have contracted by 16.8 percent and the Apparel industry has been
shaven off a value of 4.9 percent as at end September ‘09. The sub categories of
woven fabrics has declined by 20 percent, Garments by 2.6 percent and other made
up textile articles by 39 percent which gives us an idea of the challenge ahead.
From a country perspective the US is reeling at -19.5 percent whilst the EU
is at +8.6 percent whilst countries such as Italy at +4 percent and Germany at
+19.5 percent which is encouraging. With the upward movement in the last quarter
and the increased retain sentiment the overall Apparel Industry will recover
unless the woes of “Dubai World” takes the world once again on spin.
A young girl working on a loom in Ait Benhaddou,
A point to note is that the Industry is upbeat even with the cloud hanging on
GSP+ which is encouraging. Industry experts say the impact can be at a maximum
12 percent exposure level which is not bad from a business sense.
However, with the resettlement process in full swing and the first ever
investment forum to be staged in Jaffna in January 2010 we can expect a positive
outcome on this issue, is my view.
A model Industry
The 3.4 billion dollar export industry employs 270,000 people directly and
touches the lives of over a million people in Sri Lanka. Incidentally the
apparel sector accounts for 33 percent of the manufacturing employment in the
It has moved away from being a mere tailor to a total solution specialist and
then to a world class apparel solution specialist and today it is on course of
creating a new wave in the world on the ethically manufactured fashion apparel
The industry boasts of creating the first lead platinum rated apparel factory
in the world where the CEO of Marks and Spencer-UK, Sir Rose Stuart personally
coming over for the opening ceremony.
However the world has moved at a faster pace and the challenges keep hitting
Ethically manufactured tag
Whilst having a very strong proposition of a ‘Garments without Guilt’ the
challenge is that garments that are made in Sri Lanka does not carry this tag
because retailers are worried that it infers that other garments in the store
does not meet these stringent standards.
Hence practically, the end consumer tangibly does not get the feel that they
are wearing apparel that has been manufactured in a factory that does not employ
child labour or a sweat shop condition, etc.
Hence what it means is that from a demand side there is a question mark on
the commercial viability of this proposition and hence, sustainability of this
promise from supply end becomes question -at least as at now.
Apart from a consumer end due to the economic downturn orders are placed as
short lead times and at challenge price points that creates pressure for a
country like ours to adjust to these requirements and practise the ethical way
of manufacturing products. Hence the demand pressure might even lead to Sri
Lanka becoming an ethically unemployed nation from an Apparel Manufacturing
perspective which is a serious issue strategically.
This was the very point that was highlighted by the industry at the ethical
symposium in Sri Lanka that there has to be a commitment from a buyer so that
ethical manufacturing becomes sustainable. This can only happened if there is a
convergence of commitment from a demand and supply perspectives. If not it will
be only a dream for a few of us, is my view.
If we track back in times this proposition was made to the world when there
was a lot of concern on the low price merchandise from China that started
surfacing at the department stores in the US and EU. Then came a spate of
allegations on the sweat shop practices that were being used.
‘Garments Without Guilt’must be tied up with the ‘Made in Sri
However, post the financial bubble bursting and almost a 10.2 percent people
out of jobs in the US the world focus changed to survival and the proposition
that any sale would do. In other words purchasing clothes on a social
responsibility reason became a backburner issue. But in my view the world has
ridden this wave successfully and now once again the logic of being socially
responsible might become an important reason to purchase, which means that Sri
Lanka’s proposition will become a business models that will be the world
standard. I guess time will reveal this.
The time has come for a public-private partnership to take this industry to
the next level. If this is not done it will be another Tea Industry scenario for
Sri Lanka where the worlds passes us by.
I strongly feel with a Public-Private partnership we must tie up the Garments
without Guilt proposition with the Made in Sri Lanka label. Thereafter with
celebrity endorsements like ‘Beyonce’ and sports stars like ‘Maria Sharpova’
should be used to create awareness among consumers to purchase clothes which
have the tag Garments without Guilt so that it becomes the work standard.
Secondly from a supplier end the designer elements must have a happy marriage
to the apparel industry. This can increase the value added component into the
industry whilst also having a cushion to compete in the event the GSP+ becomes
non-existent. The stage is set to move the Apparel Industry to become the driver
of the country of being a “Destination for ethically manufactured fashion
apparel of the world” but it can be only a reality if there is a Private-Public
partnership model and not just left for the private sector fight the lone battle
just like the plight of the Tea Industry or the Tourism industry of Sri Lanka.